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We usually think of testosterone as a male steroid, although it is present and plays a vital part in the body of both AFAB and AMAB persons. Another thing is, low levels of testosterone get to be mentioned more often, but the hormone imbalance is just equally bad either way. This article describes how you can catch the signs of high testosterone levels to address them properly and prevent the further development of various disorders.

What is Testosterone

Testosterone (T for short) is a hormone, which means much in men for proper pubic development, erythrocytes production in the bone marrow, the ability to increase muscle mass, sexuality, fertility, bone thickness, and self-esteem, stamina, and energy levels. For women, T affects the development and further health of the reproductive system, bones, and behavior.

Normal Levels

They differ in male and female bodies. In both cases, it differs with age and is more of a range than a strict number, because people have different organisms with individual hormone levels that change through life.

The estimated normal T level for a healthy non-obese man is:

  • in the age from puberty and up to thirties – 264 to 916 ng/dL
  • forties – 252 to 916 ng/dL
  • fifties – 215 to 878 ng/dL
  • sixties and later – 156 to 819 ng/dL

As for female health, normal testosterone levels are very low in comparison and stay in the range of 15 to 70 ng/dL.

Mental Signs of High Testosterone

Scientific research proves that testosterone activates the subcortical areas of the brain to produce aggression, e.g. affects the amygdala enhancing its emotional activity and its resistance to prefrontal restraining control. Commonly disapproved social behavioral changes are the signs of high testosterone in men and women equally.

Aggression

Tendencies to get offensive in some people with penises who have high testosterone created a stereotype about the brutal and rude “macho-man” behavior. Although it is not universal and T can induce not only antisocial but also prosocial demeanor, in some cases excessive aggression is indeed linked to hormone imbalance.

Risk-taking behavior

The amygdala, part of the brain that is impacted by T, is also responsible for processing stimuli associated with fear and threats. In other words, it drives our reactions in risky situations. With the high T, though, it functions in a different manner (remember that aggression part?) while also resisting behavioral control that occurs in the prefrontal area. As a result, the person can be more reckless and lean toward taking unnecessary risks.

Irritability

It is interesting to note that moodiness, high irritability, and anxiety are signs of high levels of testosterone but low levels, too. One thing in common—if someone is unusually cranky and petulant, changes in hormone levels may be the origin of that.

Hypersexuality

Testosterone is closely related to reproductive health both in men and women, and it also impacts libido, or one’s desire to have sex. Having too much T in their system can cause the urge to have intimacy more often.

Physical Signs of High Testosterone

Those who face signs of high testosterone notice changes not only in their mood but also in their body and appearance. Those can be more distinctive and more persuasive arguments to consult a doctor and diagnose the origin of such symptoms.

Increased muscle mass

Testosterone has an impact on how your body metabolizes fat, if you noticed that it has become surprisingly easy to grow some muscles or you’ve gained weight while having no changes in your diet and physical activity, it is time to consider a visit to a healthcare provider.

Acne

Skin problems also belong to the signs of higher testosterone. It becomes more oily, pores are getting clogged more often, and inflammations and acne are frequent problems.

Hair Loss or Balding

So-called male-pattern balding, especially in combination with excessive growth of body hair, is one of the possible consequences of having too high T.

Enlarged breasts in men

Enlarged male breasts, a condition which is also called gynecomastia, are more associated with low T. Testosterone is opposed to estrogen which is also present in male bodies. While estrogen causes breast tissues to grow, T stops it. However, it has been proven that when the levels of both androgens and estrogen are too high, it can also lead to gynecomastia. Not to mention that testosterone transforms into estrogen during the process called aromatization, so higher T—higher estrogen—higher breast growth. Moreover, in the case of anabolic steroid abuse (especially common among athletes and bodybuilders), the body can produce more estrogen in an attempt to reduce free testosterone in the blood.

Other

Signs of high testosterone in a man or a woman can vary. Some people can develop one set of symptoms, some another. It may also include elevated blood pressure manifested with skin redness, headaches, dizziness, etc. With those who have sleep apnea, it may get worse. The menstruation cycle can also become irregular. In any case, if you notice anything new or worrying in your health, do not hesitate to contact your doctor. Regular check-ups are also essential for addressing the issue in time.

Testing for High Testosterone

Say, you consider the possibility that you may have imbalanced T levels, or your doctor suggests it. Of course, no treatment can be started on a base of mere guess, that is not how medicine works. So, what can be done to disprove or support a preliminary diagnosis?

Blood Test

Laboratory exams provide pretty accurate results. When assuming that the patient has high T, your doctor may order a specific blood test. For example, if it shows a total T level of over 950 ng/dL in a male patient, it is considered a high level.

Physical exams

Some things, like swelling, muscle growth, skin changes, etc., can be noticed during a physical exam, which will be performed as well.

Mental tests

As testosterone affects mental health, those changes can be detected through specifically designed tests and surveys. Of course, the final diagnosis cannot be based solely on them, but they do make a clinical picture more clear and more detailed.

Treatment for High Testosterone

When untreated, high T can have pretty nasty consequences, including serious reproductive issues and even cancer. The treatment mostly depends on what caused the elevation in the first place.

Lifestyle changes

Natural T inhibition implies that you do not change anything in your medication intake, but do change your way of life. A healthier lifestyle, stress management, a new approach to your diet and physical activity can help you return your hormones back to normal.

Medication

High T can also be managed through the medications that you start taking or stop taking. The latter applies to cases when elevation was caused by overuse of anabolic or testosterone replacement therapy. The former means specific hormonal drugs, androgen blockers, etc.

Surgery

Sometimes, too high testosterone can be a consequence of the cancerous formations in the organs that are connected to the maintenance of the hormone balance. In some cases, there may be hormone-producing tumors. Such conditions require a surgical intrusion.

Summary

Unbalanced testosterone is never good for a person whether it is high or low. It has an impact on the both physical and mental states of men and women. When detected, it can be managed with a range of methods starting from having a healthier lifestyle to a medical inhibition.

FAQ

What does high testosterone do to a man?

Elevated T affects many health aspects, including mood, skin, mass, and sexuality.

How do you know if a guy has high testosterone?

The most commonly known signs are elevated libido, too much body hair, balding, and irritability. The only way to know for sure is a lab test.

Does masturbating reduce testosterone?

There is no scientific proof that could prove this theory.

What are the traits of the high testosterone?

There are usually some changes that include mood, body mass, sex drive, skin becoming acne-prone, etc.

Is balding a sign of high testosterone?

The loss of hair can be caused by many different reasons, including high T. One cannot suggest a certain hormone level based only on this.